T-Mobile says it’s getting rid of mobile dead zones with new partnership with SpaceX Starlink Satellite Internetat an event hosted by T-Mobile CEO Mike Sievert and Elon Musk. With their “Coverage Above and Beyond” configuration, mobile phones could connect to satellites and use a connection slice providing approximately 2 to 4 megabits per second of connection (total) over a given coverage area.
According to Musk, second generation Starlink satellites launching next year will be able to broadcast a service using part of T-Mobile’s midband PCS spectrum, which was boosted when it was allowed to buy Sprint a few years ago. Musk said the new satellites have “big, big antennas” 5-6 meters in diameter to allow for the new connections and the plan is to launch the equipment using its next Starship rocket.
Note that connectivity will be 2-4 Mbps per cellular area, so will work fine for texting and voice calls, but not high bandwidth
— Elon Musk (@elonmusk) August 26, 2022
The company says it will let you text, send MMS, and even use “certain messaging apps” whenever you have a clear view of the sky, even if there’s no sky. no traditional service available. According a press release from T-Mobile“satellite-to-cellular service” will be available “anywhere in the continental United States, Hawaii, parts of Alaska, Puerto Rico, and territorial waters.”
“If there aren’t too many people in the cellular zone, you might even get some video,” Musk said. As Sievert described it, operators of messaging apps like WhatsApp or iMessage will need to work with T-Mobile and Starlink to get their services to recognize the satellite connection and work with it once it launches.
Musk provided a bit more detail saying that, unlike regular internet service, it could work without access to Starlink’s full constellation of satellites. By limiting it to certain messages and services, as well as only places that don’t currently have cellular connectivity, it could use a more intermittent connection for “basic” coverage, although you might have to wait 30 minutes for a message to go through.
The two executives said they are looking for partnerships with mobile carriers around the world who would be interested in reciprocal spectrum-sharing agreements so their customers can connect to SpaceX. T-Mobile customers could also use these connections when traveling to other countries.
musk too said on Twitter that one of his other companies, Tesla, will use the technology for the premium connectivity functionality in its electric vehicles. Currently, Tesla uses AT&T’s network for things like live traffic viewing, satellite maps, and music streaming.
The service will launch in beta by the end of next year in “select areas”, and Sievert says he hopes it will include data one day. He says that when it launches, T-Mobile’s “vision” is for it to be included free in the carrier’s “most popular plans,” though he said today’s event isn’t not an official announcement. He said T-Mobile wants to make it available to people with “low-cost” plans for a lower “monthly service fee” than current satellite connectivity services. (That potentially encompasses a wide price range, though – Garmin InReach Satellite Messaging Subscription Packagesfor example, start at $14.95 per month, but go up to $64.95 per month.)
T-Mobile says subscribers’ current phones will be able to use the network – no special equipment is required. As Elon Musk said in the ad, “the phone you currently have will work.”
The fact that it uses the traditional cellular spectrum is a bit of a double edged sword. Not requiring special equipment is an obvious advantage, but T-Mobile does not own the rights to this spectrum worldwide. So while SpaceX’s satellites can technically communicate with phones internationally, T-Mobile may not have the rights to the same bands its system uses when you take your phone to another country or to the waters. international.
This is not the case for traditional satellite communication networks, such as the Iridium system used by Garmin. If phone makers wanted to introduce their own version of this feature, something There are rumors that Apple is working onpartnering with other satellite providers could give them more coverage than T-Mobile plans to offer.
As Walter Piecykanalyst at Lightshed Partners, says The edge“Apple and Samsung may have an easier time integrating existing satellite connectivity into their upcoming phones than Starlink will have to deal with trying to reconcile spectrum rights with wireless carriers around the world.”
Fights over spectrum rights could get messy and have. T-Mobile and Verizon have lobbied the Federal Communications Commission to stop a company called AST & Science from launching satellites that could provide cell phone service from space, saying its system could interfere with its terrestrial networks. SpaceX is embroiled in a battle with Dish Networks on the 12Ghz spectrum, which the latter wants to use for terrestrial 5G. Musk’s company has warned home internet users that Dish using 12Ghz could totally destroy its satellite internet service. Analysts even wondered if the service announced today would require additional FCC approvals.
Sievert also said T-Mobile is “open” to using SpaceX for its network backhaul in the future, especially in rural areas. While that’s a few steps up from what the two companies currently offer (again, Musk says each cell will support around 2-4 megabits), it could help make it less expensive for the carrier to use. expand your network. Such a plan would look like what Verizon announced in conjunction with Amazon’s Kuiper Satellite Internet Project, although this plan seems much further materialization, because Amazon does not seem to have launched one of its satellites yet.
Earlier this year, SpaceX lost a bid for rural internet grants because of cost of equipment. But if he can build on existing T-Mobile equipment, which rural residents may already have, that could help his case with the Federal Communications Commission. Thursday’s presentation certainly hit rural coverage, with videos of people in remote parksmountains or animal husbandry.
Update at 10:15 p.m. ET: added information on where the service will be able to cover, as well as Tesla using it for premium connectivity in its cars.